THE EFFECTS OF FATHER ABSENCE ON DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR OF AFRICAN AMERICAN MALES
In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of education in the year 2006 and in the year 2007, Dr. Sutherland conducted a study that examined the effects of father absence on delinquent behavior of African American males. These males were between the ages 12 through 17 years old. A self-report questionnaire determined the level of absence experienced from their father (emotional, physical, or emotional and physical) and in which types of delinquent behavior the males participated. Research questions were developed to determine whether various levels of father absence contributed to delinquent behavior of African-American males. The males reported, on average, the highest scores in the violence delinquent behavior, while the lowest average scores were found in the weapons delinquent behavior. The lowest average scores were found among participants with emotionally and physically absent fathers.